week 2.3 discussion responses


Noel 2.2


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Article Title:  "Integrating Object Relations and Alcoholics Anonymous Principles in the Treatment of Schizoid Individuality Empiricism and Co-Occurring Alcohol Dependence"

Main Hypothesis Individuals delay the Schizoid mode and co-occurring material affront empiricisms would boon from 12-step integration in their unsubstantial vigor discussment.  This is a directional theory as the fabricator presents a unequivocal interrelation betwixt the individual's unsubstantial vigor therapy and integration of 12-step principles, as outlined in Alcoholics Anonymous. 


Dependent Variable -  Individual's co-occurring modes  (Schizoid individuality empiricism (SZPD) and co-occurring material affront empiricism)

Independent Variable -  The unsubstantial vigor therapy and 12-step principles of Alcoholic Anonymous

Operational Definitions:

Schizoid individuality empiricism (SZPD) is one of the smallest eliminationed and most troublesome to discuss of the individuality empiricisms.  As a effect, Schizoids subsist in near-total political disconnection and rarely share in elimination or therapy.  Their unseemly want in sociability too makes it greatly troublesome to hold relationships, and is associated delay risk for vigor problems, material affront, and injury to stubborn and others. (Danzer, 2015)

Object Relations Theory posits that a protected calling environment must be supposing and holded in adjust to prepare the cosmical harvest of the client through consultation their underlying dependency deficiencys, which then becomes a alterative experiment. (Mitchell and Black, 1995)

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a 12-step comrade living order naturalized on religions principles, which through the acquaintance of living-souls delay a despicable mode and the practice of these principles, conclude immunity from alcohol and/or garbage assurance. 

Conceptual Definition The fabricator used the Object Relations scheme to conceptualize the individual's deficiency for optimal distance-connection, which he intuitively holded by initiating dialogues environing the individual's involvement in the Alcoholics Anonymous program.

Wittmeier 2.2


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Article Title: The Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation: Changes in Affecting States of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress

Hypothesis: Mindfulness grafting helps weaken degradation, trouble, and force.

The Theory is Non-Directional: I consider that the theory is non-directional, consequently the elimination foreshadowed degradation, trouble, and force would be weakend. However, dissimilar delay a directional theory, the non-directional theory did not foreshadow which order (depression, trouble, force) would be upper or inferior following the ten-week mindfulness grafting systematize. The theory focused on the changes of affecting specify betwixt degradation, trouble, and force rather than determining which of the affecting specifys through mindfulness thought had upper and/or inferior changes of perturbation.

Independent Variable: Mindfulness Training

Dependent Variable: Depression, Anxiety, and Stress

Operational Definitions:

1.       Mindfulness Training: Participants lively a ten-week thought passage at two thought centers

2.       Meditation: There were forty-three participants that shared in the examine weekly for two hour sessions; focused on ‘thought as a shape of relaxation’ (Malcom & Schreiner, 2008 p. 160)

3.       Depression, Anxiety, and Stress: Scores on the degradation, trouble, and force flake (DASS-21), on a twenty-one stubborn-report

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